WPP 2011 Preliminary Results

1 Mar 2012

  • Billings of almost £45 billion
  • Revenues and PBT over £10 billion and £1 billion for first time
  • Operating margin of 14.3% equals pre-Lehman proforma high
  • Headline profit before interest and tax £1.429 billion up over 16%
  • Headline profit before tax £1.229 billion up almost 19%
  • Profit before tax £1.008 billion up over 18%
  • Headline diluted earnings per share of 67.7p up over 19%
  • Dividends per share of 24.60p up over 38%
Key figures
£ Million 2011 reported1 constant2 % revenues 2010 % revenues
Revenue 10,022 7.4% 8.4% - 9,331 -
Gross Margin 9,239 7.9% 9.0% 92.2% 8,560 91.7%
Headline EBITA3 1,640 14.0% 15.0% 16.4% 1,439 15.4%
Headline PBIT4 1,429 16.3% 7.3% 14.3% 1,229 13.2%
EPS headline diluted5 67.7p 19.4% 20.3% - 56.7p -
EPS headline diluted including tax credit6 75.6p 33.3% 34.6% - 56.7p -
Diluted EPS7 64.5p 40.5% 42.1% - 45.9p -
Dividends per share 24.60p 38.3% 38.3% - 17.79p -

Full Year highlights

  • Billings increased by 4.9% to £44.792bn, driven by net new billings of £3.225bn
  • Revenue growth of 7.4%, with like-for-like growth of 5.3%, 3.1% growth from acquisitions and -1.0% from currency
  • Growth in all regions and business sectors, characterised by particularly strong growth geographically in Asia Pacific and Latin America and functionally in advertising, media investment management and direct, digital and interactive
  • Like-for-like gross margin growth ahead of revenue growth by 0.6 percentage points at 5.9%, very close to first quarter 2011 revenue forecast
  • Headline EBITDA growth of 14.0% giving 1.0 margin point improvement with direct costs (+2%) and operating costs (+6%) rising more slowly than revenues
  • Headline PBIT increase of 16.3% with PBIT margin rising by 1.1 points to equal historic proforma high of 14.3%8
  • Gross margin margins, a more accurate competitive comparator, up 1.1 margin points to 15.5%
  • Headline diluted EPS up 19.4% and reported diluted EPS up 40.5%, with 45.0% higher second interim ordinary dividend of 17.14p and full year dividends of 24.60p per share up 38.3%
  • Average net debt reduction of £193m (-6%) to £2.811bn reflecting strong cash flow generation
  • Creative excellence recognised by the first ever award of a Cannes Lion to the most creative Holding Company

Current trading and outlook

  • January 2012 | Like-for-like revenues up 4% for the month, in line with budget; like-for-like gross margin up slightly more
  • FY 2012 budget | Like-for-like revenue and gross margin growth of around 4% and headline operating margin target of 14.8% up 0.5 points
  • Dual focus in 2012 | 1. Revenue growth from leading position in faster growing geographic markets and digital, premier parent company creative position, new business, “horizontality” and strategically targeted acquisitions; 2. Continued emphasis on balancing revenue growth with headcount increases and improvement in staff costs/revenue ratio to enhance operating margins
  • Long-term targets reaffirmed | Above industry revenue growth due to geographically superior position in new markets and functional strength in new media and consumer insight, including data analytics and application of new technology; improvement in staff cost/revenue ratio of 0.3 to 0.6 points p.a. depending on revenue and gross margin growth; operating margin expansion of 0.5 margin points or more; and PBIT growth of 10% to 15% p.a. from margin expansion and from strategically targeted small and medium-sized acquisitions
1 Percentage change in reported sterling
2 Percentage change at constant currency exchange rates
3 Headline earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation
4 Headline profit before interest and tax
5 Diluted earnings per share based on headline earnings excluding the exceptional release of prior year corporate tax provisions
6 Diluted earnings per share based on headline earnings including the exceptional release of prior year corporate tax provisions
7 Diluted earnings per share based on reported earnings
8 Headline PBIT margin of 15.0% in 2008 adjusted for the full year impact of the acquisition of TNS

In this press release not all of the figures and ratios used are readily available from the unaudited preliminary results included in Appendix 1. Where required, details of how these have been arrived at are shown in the Appendices.

Review of group results

Revenues

Revenue analysis
£ Million 2011 reported constant9 LFL10 Acquisitions 2010
First half 4,713 6.1% 8.1% 6.1% 2.0% 4,441
Second half 5,309 8.6% 8.6% 4.6% 4.0% 4,890
Full year 10,022 7.4% 8.4% 5.3% 3.1% 9,331

Gross margin analysis
£ Million 2011 reported constant9 LFL10 Acquisitions 2010
First half 4,353 6.7% 8.8% 6.8% 2.0% 4,080
Second half 4,886 9.0% 9.2% 5.1% 4.1% 4,480
Full year 9,239 7.9% 9.0% 5.9% 3.1% 8,560

9 Percentage change at constant currency exchange rates
10 Like-for-like growth at constant currency exchange rates and excluding the effects of acquisitions and disposals



Billings were up 4.9% at £44.792 billion. Estimated net new business billings of £3.225 billion ($5.160 billion) were won in the year, up over 7% on last year, placing the Group first or second in all leading net new business tables. The Group continues to benefit from consolidation trends in the industry, winning assignments from existing and new clients. These wins continued into the second half of the year with several very large industry-leading advertising, digital and media assignments, the full benefit of which was seen in Group revenues in late 2011 and will continue in 2012.

Reportable revenue was up 7.4% at £10.022 billion, the first time the Group has exceeded £10 billion. Revenue on a constant currency basis was up 8.4% compared with last year, changes in exchange rates chiefly reflecting the strength of the pound sterling primarily against the US dollar. As a number of our competitors report in US dollars and in euros, appendices 2 and 3 show WPP’s Preliminary results in reportable US dollars and euros respectively. This shows that US dollar reportable revenues were up 11.4% to $16.053 billion, which compares with the $13.873 billion of our closest competitor and that euro reportable revenues were up 6.1% to €11.554 billion, which compares with €5.816 billion of our nearest European-based competitor.

On a like-for-like basis, which excludes the impact of currency and acquisitions, revenues were up 5.3%, with gross margin up 5.9% or 0.6 percentage points higher. In the fourth quarter, like-for-like revenues were up 4.5%, down slightly on the third quarter, primarily due to stronger comparatives. Over the last two years, on a combined basis, there has been a sequential improvement in like-for-like quarterly revenue growth, with 6.7% for the first quarter, 10.3% in the second, 12.2% for the third and 13.1% for the fourth. This two year combined sequential quarterly growth continues to reflect increased client advertising and promotional spending – with the former tending to grow faster than the latter, which from our point of view is more positive – across most of the Group’s major geographic markets and functional sectors despite tougher comparatives. Nonetheless, clients understandably continue to demand increased effectiveness and efficiency, i.e. better value for money.

Operating profitability
Headline EBITDA was up 14.0% to £1.640 billion from £1.439 billion and up 15.0% in constant currencies. Group revenues are more weighted to the second half of the year across all regions and functions and particularly in the faster growing markets of Asia Pacific and Latin America. As a result, the Group’s profitability continues to be skewed to the second half of the year. Headline operating profit for 2011 was up 16.3% to £1.429 billion from £1.229 billion and up 17.3% in constant currencies.

Headline operating margins were up 1.1 margin points to 14.3% compared to 13.2% in 2010, equal to the proforma high pre-Lehman and well ahead of the Group’s original target of 0.5 margin points and revised target of at least 0.7 margin points. On a like-for-like basis operating margins were also up 1.1 margin points. Headline gross margin margins were up 1.1 margin points to 15.5%, close to the highest reported levels in the industry.

Given the significance of consumer insight revenues to the Group, with none of our direct competitors present in that sector, gross margin and gross margin margins are a more meaningful measure of comparative, competitive revenue growth and margin performance. This is because consumer insight revenues include pass-through costs, principally for data collection, on which no margin is charged and with the growth of the internet, the process of data collection is more efficient.

On a reported basis, operating margins, before all incentives , were 17.6%, up 0.8 margin points, compared with 16.8% last year. The Group’s staff cost to revenue ratio, including incentives, increased by 0.3 margin points to 58.6% compared with 58.3% in 2010. Following intentional containment in 2009 and 2010 post-Lehman, the Group continued to increase its investment in human capital in 2011, particularly in the faster growing geographic and functional markets as like-for-like revenues and gross margin increased significantly. However, the Group’s more representative staff costs to gross margin ratio remained flat at 63.6% compared with the prior year, as gross margin grew faster than revenues.
 
Operating costs
During 2011, the Group continued to reap the benefits of containing operating costs, with improvements across most cost categories, particularly direct, property, commercial and office costs.

Reported operating costs (including direct costs, but excluding goodwill impairment, amortisation of acquired intangibles and investment gains and write-downs), rose by 6.1% and by 7.1% in constant currency. On a like-for-like basis, total operating and direct costs rose 4.2%. Reported staff costs excluding incentives rose by 8.6% and by 9.6% in constant currency. Incentive payments amounted to £338 million or over $500 million, which was 19.9% of headline operating profit before incentives and income from associates and represented close to maximum achievement of agreed performance objectives. Given the record profit and margin performance in 2011, most of the Group’s operating companies achieved record incentive levels – reflecting pay for performance, not failure.
 
On a like-for-like basis, the average number of people in the Group, excluding associates, in 2011 was 109,971, compared to 105,122 in 2010, an increase of 4.6%. On the same basis, the total number of people in the Group, excluding associates, at 31 December 2011 was 113,615 compared to 108,883 at 31 December 2010, an increase of 4,732 or 4.3%. On the same basis revenues increased 5.3% and gross margin 5.9%. This is yet another demonstration of the fact that growth creates jobs. In the United Kingdom, alone, 907 people were added on a like-for-like basis - up 9% as revenues and gross margin grew on the same basis by 6.7% and 8.6% respectively. The Group’s employer social taxes in the United Kingdom rose 11.6% on the same basis.

Interest and taxes
Net finance costs (excluding the revaluation of financial instruments) were up 2.5% at £199.9 million, compared with £195.1 million in 2010, an increase of £4.8 million, reflecting lower average net debt, offset by higher funding costs.

The tax rate on headline profit before tax was 22.0% (2010 22.0%) and on reported profit before tax was 9.1% (2010 22.4%). The difference is primarily due to the exceptional release of prior year corporate tax provisions following the resolution of a number of open tax matters, together with deferred tax credits in relation to amortisation of acquired intangible assets.

Earnings and dividend
Headline profit before tax was up 18.9% to £1.229 billion from £1.034 billion, or up 20.0% in constant currencies.

Reported profit before tax rose by 18.5%, to over £1 billion for the first time, at £1.008 billion from £851 million. In constant currencies, reported profit before tax rose by 19.6%.

Profits attributable to share owners rose by 43.4% to £840 million from £586 million.

Headline diluted earnings per share rose by 19.4% to 67.7p from 56.7p. In constant currencies, earnings per share on the same basis rose by 20.3%. Headline diluted earnings per share (including the exceptional tax credit), rose by 33.3% to 75.6p and by 34.6% in constant currencies. Reported diluted earnings per share increased 40.5% to 64.5p from 45.9p and by 42.1% in constant currencies.

In line with the statement made with the Group’s 2010 Preliminary Results, announcing the intention to raise the dividend pay-out ratio, from around a third to 40%, the Board declares an increase of 45% in the second interim ordinary dividend to 17.14p per share, which together with the first interim dividend of 7.46p per share, makes a total of 24.60p per share for 2011, an overall increase of 38.3%. The record date for this second interim dividend is 8 June 2012, payable on 9 July 2012. This represents a dividend pay-out ratio of 33% on headline diluted earnings per share (including the exceptional tax credit) and 36% on headline diluted earnings per share (excluding the exceptional tax credit). This compares to a pay-out ratio of 31% in 2010. As noted above, the Board’s objective remains to increase the dividend pay-out ratio to approximately 40% over time.

Following share owner approval at the Company’s General Meeting in 2011, the Board has put in place a Scrip Dividend Scheme which enables share owners to elect to receive new fully paid ordinary shares in the Company instead of cash dividends. This scheme commenced with the second interim dividend for 2010.

The Company continues to operate the Dividend Access Plan, which allows share owners who have elected (or, by virtue of holding 100,000 or fewer shares, are deemed to have elected) to participate in the plan to receive cash dividends from a UK source without being subject to any Irish or UK withholding taxes.

Further details of WPP’s financial performance are provided in Appendices 1, 2 and 3.

Regional review

The pattern of revenue growth differed regionally. The tables below give details of revenue and revenue growth by region for 2011, as well as the proportion of Group revenues and operating profit and operating margin by region;

Revenue analysis
£ Million 2011 reported constant12 LFL13 % group 2010 % group
N.America 3,388 2.7% 6.3% 2.9% 33.8% 3,300 33.5%
United Kingdom 1,184 8.8% 8.8% 6.7%* 11.8% 1,088 11.7%
W.Europe 2,505 7.7% 6.3% 2.2% 25.0% 2,325 24.9%
AP, LA, AME, CEE14 2,945 12.5% 12.6% 10.5% 29.4% 2,618 28.1%
Total Group 10,022 7.4% 8.4% 5.3%* 100% 9,331 100%

* Like-for-like gross margin growth of 8.6% in the UK and 5.9% for the Group

Operating profit analysis (Headline PBIT)
£ Million 2011 % margin 2010 % margin
N.America 526 15.5% 485 14.7%
United Kingdom 165 14.0% 148 13.6%
W.Europe 284 11.3% 221 9.5%
AP, LA, AME, CEE14 454 15.4% 375 14.3%
Total Group 1,429 14.3% 1,229 13.2%

The pattern of revenue growth differed regionally. The tables below give details of revenue and revenue growth by region for 2011, as well as the proportion of Group revenues and operating profit and operating margin by region;

North America continued to show good growth throughout the year, with constant currency revenues up 6.3%.

The United Kingdom, against market trends, showed even stronger growth, with constant currency revenues up almost 9% and gross margin even stronger up almost 11%, accelerating in the second half.

Western Continental Europe, although relatively more difficult, grew constant currency revenues by over 6%, partially reflecting acquisition activity. Austria, Germany, Switzerland and Turkey all showed strong like-for-like growth for the year, but France and especially Greece, Portugal and Spain remained affected by the Eurozone debt crisis.

In Asia Pacific, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East and Central and Eastern Europe, revenue growth was strongest, up well over 12%, principally driven by Latin America and the BRICs15 and Next 1116 parts of Asia Pacific and the CIVETS17 and the MIST18. Like-for-like growth was up well over 10%.

Latin America showed the strongest growth of all of our sub-regions in the year, with constant currency revenues up over 14% and up over 18% like-for-like. The Middle East remained the most challenged sub-region. In Central and Eastern Europe, constant currency revenues were up over 6% and up almost 6% like-for-like, with strong growth in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Poland and Romania but Hungary and the Czech Republic were more challenging. Growth in the BRICs, which account for almost $2 billion of revenue, was over 17%, on a like-for-like basis, with Next 11 and CIVETS up 13% and well over 9% respectively on the same basis. The MIST was up almost 14%.

In 2011, over 29% of the Group’s revenues came from Asia Pacific, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East and Central and Eastern Europe – over 1.0 percentage point more compared with the previous year and against the Group’s strategic objective of 35-40% in the next three to four years.

12 Percentage change at constant currency exchange rates
13 Like-for-like growth at constant currency exchange rates and excluding the effects of acquisitions and disposals
14 Asia Pacific, Latin America, Africa & Middle East and Central & Eastern Europe
15 Brazil, Russia, India and China
16 Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, South Korea, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Vietnam and Turkey (the Group has no operations in Iran)
17 Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa
18 Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea and Turkey

Business sector review
The pattern of revenue growth also varied by communications services sector and operating brand. The tables below give details of revenue, revenue growth by communications services sector as well as the proportion of Group revenues and operating profit and operating margin by communications services sector;

Revenue analysis
£ Million 2011 reported constant19 LFL20 % group 2010 % group
AMIM21 4,157 11.4% 12.2% 7.4% 41.5% 3,733 40.5%
Consumer Insight 2,458 1.1% 1.7% 0.8%* 24.5% 2,430 26.0%
PR & PA22 886 4.8% 6.2% 4.6% 8.8% 845 9.1%
BI, HC & SC23 2,521 8.5% 10.1% 6.9% 25.2% 2,323 24.9%
Total Group 10,022 7.4% 8.4% 5.3%* 100% 9,331 100%

* Like-for-like gross margin growth of 1.9% in Consumer Insight and 5.9% for the Group

Operating profit analysis (Headline PBIT)
£ Million 2011 % margin 2010 % margin
AMIM21 668 16.1% 573 15.3%
Consumer Insight 258 10.5% 235 9.7%
PR & PA22 143     16.1% 133 15.8%
BI, HC & SC23 360 14.3% 288 12.4%
Total Group 1,429 14.3% 1,229 13.2%

19 Percentage change at constant currency exchange rates
20 Like-for-like growth at constant currency exchange rates and excluding the effects of acquisitions and disposals
21 Advertising, Media Investment Management
22 Public Relations & Public Affairs
23 Branding and Identity, Healthcare and Specialist Communications

In 2011, over 30% of the Group’s revenues came from direct, digital and interactive, up over 1.0 percentage point from the previous year.
 
Advertising and Media Investment Management
In constant currencies, advertising and media investment management revenues grew by 12.2%, with like-for-like growth of 7.4%. Of the Group’s advertising networks, Ogilvy & Mather Worldwide, Grey and United finished the year strongly, with particularly strong growth in the United Kingdom, Latin America and Africa. Growth in the Group’s media investment management businesses has been very consistent throughout the year, with constant currency revenues up almost 19% for the year and like-for-like growth up almost 13%. tenthavenue, the “engagement” network focused on out-of-home media, was established towards the end of 2010 and in 2011 showed strong revenue growth, with like-for-like revenues up over 14%. The strong revenue growth across most of the Group’s businesses, together with good cost control, resulted in the combined reported operating margin of this sector improving by 0.8 margin points to 16.1%.

In 2011, Ogilvy & Mather Worldwide, JWT, Y&R, Grey and United generated net new business billings of £909 million ($1.455 billion).

In the same year, GroupM, the Group’s media investment management company, which includes Mindshare, MEC, MediaCom, Maxus, GroupM Search and Xaxis, together with tenthavenue, generated net new business billings of £1.587 billion ($2.539 billion).

Consumer Insight
On a constant currency basis, consumer insight revenues grew 1.7%, with gross margin up 2.2%. On a like-for-like basis revenues were up 0.8% with gross margin growth stronger at 1.9%. Reported operating margins improved 0.8 margin points to 10.5% (reported gross margin margins improved 1.1 margin points to 14.3%) - reflecting the benefit of continued cost focus. As a result, operating profit was up almost 10% to £258 million.

Good performances were recorded by TNS Foresight in the United States, TNS RMS in the United Kingdom, TNS Infratest in Germany, TNS Russia, Kazakhstan, the Middle East, Brazil, India, Indonesia, South Korea, the Philippines and Singapore; by Millward Brown in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Turkey, East and West Africa and Impact in Africa, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Hong Kong, Taiwan, ACSR in China, India, Indonesia, South Korea, the Philippines and Vietnam; by Kantar Media at TGI in the United Kingdom, TRAM in the United States, the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Estonia, Israel and the Philippines; by Kantar Worldpanel in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam; by Kantar Health in All Global in the United States, Germany, Egypt and China; by Added Value in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Hong Kong; by Lightspeed/GMI in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia; by Kantar Retail at Glendinning in the United States and Red Dot Square in the United Kingdom.

Public Relations and Public Affairs
In constant currencies the Group’s public relations and public affairs businesses had another good year with full year growth of 6.2%, with like-for-like revenues up 4.6%. Operating margins rose by 0.3 margin points to 16.1%. Ogilvy Public Relations, Cohn & Wolfe and Hering Schuppener in Germany did particularly well.

Branding and Identity, Healthcare and Specialist Communications
At the Group’s branding and identity, healthcare and specialist communications businesses (including direct, digital and interactive) constant currency revenues grew strongly at 10.1% with like-for-like growth of 6.9%. Like-for-like revenue growth slipped slightly in quarter four but remained above 6%. The Group’s global direct, digital and interactive agencies showed continuing strong growth, with like-for-like revenues up well over 7% for the year. This sector showed strong margin improvement, with reported operating margins up 1.9 margin points to 14.3%.

Many companies performed well:
  • In branding and identity – Landor in Cincinnati, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Dubai, Hong Kong and Singapore; The Brand Union in New York, France, Germany, Spain, Dubai, China and Singapore; FITCH in the United States, Dubai, Qatar, India, Malaysia and Singapore; VBAT in the Netherlands, Lambie-Nairn and The Partners in the United Kingdom.
  • In healthcare – Ogilvy CommonHealth in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Scandinavia, Switzerland, Turkey and Australia; Sudler & Hennessey in New York, the United Kingdom and India; ghg in New York and Kansas City in the United States, ghg London, Darwin Grey and Westaway Gillis in the United Kingdom, France and Australia.
  • In promotion, direct and interactive – OgilvyOne in Atlanta, Chicago, Global Strategies, Leopard, OgilvyOne and Redworks West and The Lacek Group in the United States, OgilvyOne Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Scandinavia, Switzerland, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, China, India, Indonesia, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand; Wunderman in Designkitchen, Detroit, rtcrm and Blast Radius in the United States, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, MENACOM in the Middle East, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Hong Kong, India, Japan and South Korea; G2 in Chicago, New York and San Francisco in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Romania, Russia, Brazil, China, Malaysia and Vietnam; Other companies - Coley Porter Bell, OgilvyAction, Digit and HeathWallace in the United Kingdom, KGM Datadistribution in Sweden.
  • In specialist communications – Compas, The Food Group, Pace and MJM in the United States, BDG, the Farm, Hogarth and Metro in the United Kingdom and Prism in the United Kingdom, Germany and Thailand.
  • In digital – 24/7 Real Media in the United States, the United Kingdom, Austria, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and South Korea; Possible WW in the United States, the United Kingdom, Singapore and Gringo in Brazil; Other companies - Imaginet, Digitaria, Lunchbox, Malone, VML, Blue State Digital and R
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