oil on canvas
22 x 20 in
oil on canvas
23¾ x 29¾ in
Stack of Books
oil on canvas
30 x 24 in
oil on canvas
19 x 23 in
oil on canvas
30 x 46 in
oil on canvas
20 x 26 in
Notes 6 - 10
- 6. Finance income, finance costs and revaluation of financial instruments
- 7. Taxation
- 8. Ordinary dividends
- 9. Earnings per share
- 10. Sources of finance
10. Sources of finance
|The following table summarises the equity and debt financing of the Group, and changes during the year:|
|Analysis of changes in financing|
|Beginning of year||134.1||223.1||4,385.7||2,348.0|
|Shares issued in respect of acquisitions||–||267.7||–||–|
|Other ordinary shares issued||4.1||8.5||–||–|
|Reclassification due to changes in corporate structure1||–||(362.5)||–||–|
|Share issue costs paid||–||(0.8)||–||–|
|Net (decrease)/increase in drawings on bank loans, corporate bonds and convertible bonds||–||–||(426.3)||810.4|
|Net amortisation of financing costs included in net debt||–||–||(32.8)||(0.6)|
|End of year||138.2||134.1||3,586.4||4,385.7|
- Further details on the changes to corporate structure are given in note 26.
- The above table excludes bank overdrafts which fall within cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of the consolidated cash flow statement.
At 31 December 2009, the Company’s share base was entirely composed of ordinary equity share capital and share premium of £138.2 million (2008: £134.1 million), further details of which are disclosed in note 26.
US$ bonds In June 2009, the Group issued $600 million of 8% bonds due September 2014. The Group also has in issue $650 million of 5.875% bonds due June 2014.
Eurobonds The Group has in issue €600 million of 4.375% bonds due December 2013, €500 million of 5.25% bonds due January 2015 and €750 million of 6.625% bonds due May 2016.
Sterling bonds The Group has in issue £400 million of 6% bonds due April 2017 and £200 million of 6.375% bonds due November 2020.
Revolving Credit Facilities The Group has a $1.6 billion seven-year Revolving Credit Facility due August 2012 and a £400 million amortising Revolving Credit Facility maturing in July 2011. The Group’s borrowing under these facilities, which are drawn down predominantly in US dollars, euros, Canadian dollars and pounds sterling, averaged $2,105 million in 2009. The Group had available undrawn committed credit facilities of £1,335 million at December 2009 (2008: £1,074 million).
Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facilities are governed by certain financial covenants based on the results and financial position of the Group.
US Commercial Paper Program
The Group has a $1.4 billion US Commercial Paper Program using the $1.6 billion Revolving Credit Facility as a backstop. The Group’s borrowings under this program are notes issued in US dollars and swapped into other currencies as required. The average commercial paper outstanding during the year was $0.8 million. There was no US Commercial Paper outstanding at 31 December 2009.
In April 2009, the Group issued £450 million of 5.75% convertible bonds due May 2014. At the option of the holder, the bonds are convertible into 75,000,000 WPP ordinary shares at an initial share price of £6 per share.
The convertible bonds have a nominal value of £450 million at 31 December 2009. In accordance with IAS 39, these bonds have been split between a liability component and an equity component by initially valuing the liability component at fair value based on the present value of future cash flows and then holding it at amortised cost. This fair value has been calculated assuming redemption in May 2014 and using a discount rate of 8.25%, based on the estimated rate of interest that would have applied to a comparable bond issued at that time without the convertible option. The equity component represents the fair value, on initial recognition, of the embedded option to convert the liability into equity of the Group.
The liability element is £402.3 million and the equity component is £44.5 million as at 31 December 2009.
The Group estimates that the fair value of the liability component of the convertible bonds at 31 December 2009 to be approximately £416.3 million. This fair value has been calculated by discounting the future cash flows at the market rate.
|The following table is an analysis of future anticipated cash flows in relation to the Group’s debt, on an undiscounted basis which, therefore, differs from the fair value and carrying value:|
|Within one year||(210.0)||(569.7)|
|Between one and two years||(210.0)||(1,073.9)|
|Between two and three years||(228.1)||(369.1)|
|Between three and four years||(797.7)||(216.6)|
|Between four and five years||(1,396.6)||(735.4)|
|Over five years||(1,928.4)||(2,567.5)|
|Debt financing under the Revolving Credit Facility and in relation to unsecured loan notes||(4,770.8)||(5,532.2)|
|Short-term overdrafts – within one year||(720.7)||(1,254.4)|
|Future anticipated cash flows||(5,491.5)||(6,786.6)|
|Effect of discounting/financing rates||1,184.4||1,146.5|
|Cash and short-term deposits||1,666.7||2,572.5|
|Analysis of fixed and floating rate debt by currency including the effect of interest rate and cross-currency swaps:|
- Weighted average. These rates do not include the effect of gains on interest rate swap terminations that are written to income over the life of the original instrument. At 31 December 2009 the amount still to be written to income was £2.2 million (2008: £2.7 million) in respect of US dollar swap terminations, to be written to income evenly until June 2014.
- Represents Canadian dollars.
|The following table is an analysis of future anticipated cash flows in relation to the Group’s financial derivatives, which include interest rate swaps, cash flow hedges and other foreign exchange swaps:|
|2009||Financial liabilities||Financial assets|
|Within one year||284.5||272.8||170.5||218.7|
|Between one and two years||38.1||31.8||78.4||111.7|
|Between two and three years||45.4||39.0||107.5||128.9|
|Between three and four years||325.9||249.7||796.3||881.8|
|Between four and five years||336.7||242.4||841.0||909.3|
|Over five years||489.3||384.4||803.8||925.5|
|2008||Financial liabilities||Financial assets|
|Within one year||828.2||814.2||483.0||613.9|
|Between one and two years||62.5||58.8||93.3||131.1|
|Between two and three years||69.6||66.1||66.5||93.2|
|Between three and four years||73.3||69.2||92.3||114.2|
|Between four and five years||425.0||478.4||817.9||903.3|
|Over five years||1,401.4||1,186.6||1,107.3||1,152.5|
Included in these amounts are anticipated cash flows in relation to cash flow hedges.